Functional Capacity Evaluation in Different Societal Contexts: Results of a Multicountry Study

Functional Capacity Evaluation in Different Societal Contexts: Results of a Multicountry Study

Purpose To examine factors associated with Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) results in patients with painful musculoskeletal conditions, with focus on social factors across multiple countries. Methods International cross-sectional study was performed within care as usual. Simple and multiple multilevel linear regression analyses which considered measurement’s
dependency within clinicians and country were conducted: FCE characteristics and biopsychosocial variables from patients and clinicians as independent variables; and FCE results (floor-to-waist lift, six-minute walk, and handgrip strength) as dependent variables.

Results Data were collected for 372 patients, 54 clinicians, 18 facilities and 8 countries.
Conclusion Biopsychosocial factors were associated with every FCE result
across multiple countries; specifically, patients’ height, reported pain intensity, clinician, and measurement country. Social factors, which had been under-researched, were consistently associated with FCE performances. Patients’ FCE results should be considered from a biopsychosocial perspective, including different social contexts.